3.4.15 Bumper. Unless the bumper is an integral part of the vehicle cab, a channel type front
bumper shall be provided.
* 3.4.16 Tool stowage. Stowage space of sufficient size to accommodate vehicle jack, hand
tools, anti-skid chains, warning flares and emergency reflective triangles shall be furnished for
retaining equipment during vehicle operation. Stowage space for these tools may be furnished in
the cab. When stowage space for these tools is located outside the cab, it shall be weatherproof
and shall provide for locking with a padlock.
* 18.104.22.168 Tools. When specified (see 6.2), each vehicle shall be furnished with tools required
for exchanging a mounted tire assembly with the spare assembly, and shall include at least a
hydraulic jack, a jack handle and a wheelnut wrench. The jack shall be of such closed height as
to permit its location under axle, or other satisfactory lift point, at any wheel with the tire flat.
The jack, without blocking, shall be capable of raising any wheel of the loaded vehicle to a
height adequate to permit removal and replacement of the wheel and tire assembly.
3.4.17 Heater and defroster. A hot water heater shall be provided. The heater shall have
fresh air intakes. Discharge outlets shall be provided to direct heated air to the floor and to
defroster louvers. The heater shall be complete with blower and mounted controls convenient to
3.4.18 Controls and operating mechanisms. All controls and operating mechanisms shall be
located for left-hand drive. Controls shall be complete and conveniently operable by the driver.
Lever controls shall be designed and located to permit easy entrance and exit of the operator to
and from the driver's compartment. Instruments and controls shall be identified as to their
function and installed in a manner to facilitate removal and servicing. Instruments shall be panel
3.4.19 Accessories and equipment. Chassis equipment shall be complete with all accessories
furnished as standard equipment by the manufacturer. The following minimum equipment shall
Key-operated ignition switch
Ammeter, charging indicator, or voltmeter
Oil pressure gage or indicator
Engine temperature gage or indicator
Speedometer with recording odometer